Youyang Song
MA Graduation Project
Supervision: Prof. Dr. Zane Berzina, Prof. Dr. Antonella Giannone


APeel is an organic material which uses bio-wastes as raw materials. The project aims to provide alternative to plastic and promote sustainability.

“APeel” is an independently developed technique which aims to process bio-waste into a soft but yet robust leather-like material. The seemingly use-less food wastes will reborn with a second life. Banana and orange peel or soy-milk are combined with a natural binding agent as the substrate. The resulting composite is fully biodegradable and can be easily reused after the re-cooking process. It is a 100% bio-degradable, zero waste natural product. Moreover, the bio-material provides similar toughness, durability and water resistance as normal leather material.